June 14, 2024

Hearing and Auditory Evoked Potential Methods Applied to Odontocete Cetaceans


Paul E. Nachtigall, T. Aran Mooney, Kristen A. Taylor, and Michelle M. L. Yuen


Abstract: Auditory evoked potential (AEP) procedures have been increasingly used to measure hearing processes in aquatic mammals. They have been demonstrated to be useful in measuring the audiograms of stranded animals like infant sperm whales (Physeter macrocephalus) and Risso’s dolphins (Grampus griseus). Modulation rate transfer functions (MRTF) demonstrating appropriate stimulus presentation rates are usually measured prior to recording audiograms with odontocetes. Measures comparing behavioral and AEP audiograms with the same animals have generally shown good correspondence between data gathered using the two procedures. AEPs and acoustic brainstem responses (ABRs) also have been used to measure hearing while an animal is actively echolocating. This technique of measuring the animal’s ability to hear its own outgoing signals, as well as the returning echoes, allows experimenters to develop a new understanding of the processes underlying echolocation.

Key Words: auditory evoked potential, acoustic brainstem response, modulation rate transfer
function, envelope-following response, sperm whale, Physeter macrocephalus, Risso’s dolphin,
Grampus griseus

Document Type: research article

DOI: 10.1578/AM.33.1.2007.6

Page Numbers: 6-13

Info SKU: Vol__33__Iss__1__Nachtigall_et_al Category: